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黄庭:浅谈良好师生关系的构建
添加日期:2018年11月14日  部门科室:教科处  作者:dyzjkc  来源:本站原创  点击次数:35566

浅谈良好师生关系的构建

【zhaiyao】lianghaodeshishengguanxizaijiaoxueguochengzhongqizhezhongyaodezuoyong,yeshilianghaodeshehuiguanxidezhongyaozuchengbufen。jinnianlaideshishengguanxixianzhuangqueburongleguan,goujianlianghaodeshishengguanxilidangchengweiyixiangzhongyaodeyitiheyijianzhongyaodegongzuo。benwenshibizhechangshicongyushishengguanxiyouguandesangezhongyaozhuti,jijiaoshi、xuesheng、shehui,fenbiejiandantantanweilegoujianlianghaoshishengguanxisuoyaozuodegongzuo。

【关键词】教师  学生  学生观  师生关系  良好师生关系

1        引言

草莓视频免费观看全部 2015nian12yue9ri,“hunanshaodongshaonianshashishijian”zhenjinglebangongshilimaitoupigaizuoyedetongshimen,tongguowangluolejieleqianyinhouguo,laoshimendouxixubuyi。zhenjingzhiyu,shunbianchakanleyixiajinjinianlaideleisishijian:2008nian10yue4ri,shanxishuozhouyixueshengliyashengzaiketangshangturannadaotongxianghaoxudonglaoshi;10yue21ri,jinyunxianpanxizhongxuenvjiaoshipanweixianzaijiafangtuzhongbeixueshengdingmoulesi;10yue28ri,zhongguozhengfadaxuejiaoshouchengchunmingzaiketangshangbeichongjinlaideyimingdasinanshengfumoukansi;11yue19ri,hunanlixianzuidadechujizhongxue——chengguanzhongxue37suidelaoshicengqingyanbeixuexiaoyikaichudeyimingchuzhongshengwangqiang(huaming)yongbishoucisi。dangran,xueshengzuoweishouhaizhedeanliyejianzhubaoduan:erduobeisilie;quanbanxueshengtoudingdengzidunzhetingke;jiaoshixiangxueshengquanjiaoxiangxiang;xueshengpigubeidachengheizisedengdeng。

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2       师生关系不好的归因探析

jiaoshicengmian。shouxian,duijiaoshijiaosededingweibuzhun,meiyouwanquanjubeijiaoshiyingyoudezhishi、nengli、zhiyedaodedenggefangmiansuzhi。duijiaoshijiaosedingweibuzhun,jiukenenghuichuxianpianmianlijiewoguo“shidaozunyan”“zunshizhongjiao”dechuantongdengwenti,renweijiaoshijiushigaogaozaishangde,burongzhiyide,buyuanyiqingtinghuozhebuzhudongguanzhuyuzijixiangfabutongdexueshengdeshengyin,zaochengshishengzhijiangehedechansheng、jiazhong。meiyouwanquanjubeijiaoshiyingyoudesuzhi,jiukenenghuichuxianyingxiangxueshengshenxinjiankangfazhandexuexiaojiaoyushijianhewenti,congerdaozhishishengguanxilengmo、jianghua,shenzhijiliechongtu。qici,duixueshengdelejiebugouchedi,bunengyongquanmiande、fazhandeyanguangqukandaixuesheng。yinweixueshengzaimouyifangmianhuomouyishijianduanbiaoxiandebugoulixiang,jiuduixueshengdekanfagudinghua、duidaixueshengdefangshigudinghua,congeryinqixueshengdefanganhebuman。disan,duijiaoyudebenzhiluoshidebugou,renweixueshenglaixuexiaojieshoujiaoyudeweiyimudejiushikaogaofen,haochengjishixueshengjinhouzouxiangxingfudeweiyitongdao,huozheweilejiaoshizijidejingjiliyi、rongyugan、manzugandengshanghaileshishengguanxi。

xueshengcengmian。suizheshehuidefazhan,xueshengdeziwoyishihezhutiyishizhujianzengqiang,buzai“weishimingshicong”。jiatingfangmiandexiaojiyingxiang,rangxueshengyangchengbuliangdeweirenchushidexiguan,xingchengbuhaodeduidailaoshidetaidu,jiazhishoudaoshehuishangyouqishiwangluoshangmouxiebuliangsixianghebuzhengqueguanniandeyingxiang,neixinkangjuduizijiyouyueshulidejiaoshiqunti。

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shehuicengmian。suzhijiaoyudekouhaosuiranhandejilie,danhenduodifangshijishangrengshiyiwenhuakexuexichengjiweijueduixuanbabiaozhun,xuexiaozhijiandejingzhengguigendaodijiushishengxuelvdebipin,pingjiajiaoshiyuxueshengdejueduizhuyaobiaozhunrengjiushifenshu。jiliedejingzhenghechenzhongdexuexifudanzhijieyanzhongyingxiangxueshengdeshenxinjiankang,eryiweizhuiqiuxuexichengjiyouzaochengleduixueshengxinliguanzhubugoushenzhishiwanquanhulve。

3 如何构建良好的师生关系

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3.1  教师积极作为是构建良好师生关系的主导

wanshanziwo。zuoweijiaoshi,yinggaiduizijidejiaosedingweizhunque,mingbaiqingchuzijidebenzhigongzuo,mibuzijizaizhishi、nengli、xingge、pindedengfangmiandebuzu。jiaoshizhiyedelaodongduixiangshiyouganqing、yousixiang、yougexinghezhuguannengdongxingderen,jiaoshidezuizhongyaodegongzuoshizunxuntamendeshenxinfazhanguilv、kaolvtamendexuqiu、diaodongtamendejijixing,tamencaihuizhudongdicanyudaojiaoxuehuodongzhonglai。jiaoshizaiduixueshengdejiaoyuguochengzhong,yinggaiyixueshengdeshijiqingkuangerbushikeguandebiaozhunheyaoqiuweichufadianheluojiaodian,ruguojiaoshihulvexueshengdegexinghechengshounengli,yiweizhuiqiuwaizaidekeguanbiaozhun,jiurongyichanshengjiaoshideqidaishuipinghezhuangtaiyuxueshengdeshijishuipinghezhuangtaizhijiandeluocha,zheigeluochayueda,yuebuliyushishengguanxidelianghaofazhan。jiaoshiyinggainuliyongyouzuoweijiaoshiyingyoudezhishi,baokuojingshendezhuanyezhishi、tongshizhishi、jiaoyulilunzhishi、xinlixuezhishideng;jiaoshiyinggainulitishengzijidejiaoxuenengli、ketangguanlinenglijichulitufashijianhejiejuekunnandengnengli;jiaoshiyinggainulipeiyangzijizaixixin、naixin、kuanrong、tiliangdengfangmiandelianghaoxingge;jiaoshiyinggaijubeigaoshangdeqingcao、gaoyadeqingquyijigongzhengdengpinde。suoyouzheixiezhishi、nengli、xingge、pindedengfangmiandesuzhinenggouwanshanjiaoshiderenge,shiqichengweiyigeyouxiu、yourengemeilidejiaoshi,congerhuodexueshengdexinshanghejingpei,zhujianyingxiang、xiyinzhexuesheng,dadaoqianyimohuadijiaoyudemude。

zhuanbianguannian。jiaoshiyingshulikexuedejiaoyuguan、xueshengguan、rencaiguan。kexuedejiaoyuguanfanyingdaozhongxuejiaoyujieduan,zhuyaobaokuo:jiaoshiduixueshengdejiaoyuyaozhenzhengyouliyuxueshengdefazhan,jiaoshiyingbangzhuxueshengshixianjieshoujiaoyudezuizhongmude。suhuomulinsijishuoguo:“yaochengweihaizidezhenzhengjiaoyuzhe,jiuyaobazijidexinfengxianjitamen,zhiyouduixueshengqingzhuleganqing,cainenghuodexueshengdexinrenhezunzhong。”zheijiushishuo,jiaoshiyaozhenxinduidaixuesheng,zhanzaixueshengdelichangerbushizijidelichangqusikaowenti。jiaoshibunengweiledanchunditigaoxueshengbingbushanzhangdexuekedexuexichengji,qudajixueshengzaitezhangfangmiandexinxinhexingqu;bunengweilefenshudetigaoerhulveleqitazhongyaonenglihesuzhidepeiyanghetisheng。xueshengjieshoujiaoyudezuizhongmudeshinenggourangzijihetarenzhenzhengxingfudishenghuo,jiaoshijiaoyuxueshengdezhuyaomudebunengzhikaolvxuexichengjihuozheduilaoshigongjinghuozheqita,eryaozhongshixueshengxingfushenghuonenglidepeiyang,xueshengxinliyouxingfugan,duijianlilianghaodeshishengguanxishijiweiyoulide。kexuedexueshengguanfanyingdaozhongxuejiaoyujieduan,zhuyaozhijiaoshiyingyongquanmiande、fazhandeyanguangqukandaixuesheng。xueshengdenenglihesuzhishiduofangmiande,yaoshanyufaxianxueshengdeshanguangdian,jifaxueshengdejijixing。suhuomulinsijigaosuwomen:“qinaidepengyou,qingjizhu,xueshengdezizunxinshiyizhongfeichangcuiruodedongxi,duidaitayaojiweixiaoxin,yaoxiaoxindexiangduidaiyiduomeiguihuashangzhandongyuzhuideluzhu。”yinci,xueshengdezizunxinshihengzaishishengzhijiandeshuangrenjian,yonghaolekeyidadacujinshishengguanxi,chulidebuhao,jiuhuichengweishishengguanxiehuadeguizishou。jiaoshishulikexuederencaiguanjiuyaogaoqingchuyijianshi:shenmeyangderenshizhenzhengduishehuiyouyongderencai。nongqingchulezheijianshi,bingbataguanchedaojiaoyuxingdongzhongqu,jiaoshijiubuhuiyongmougedanchundibiaozhunquhenglianghepingjiaxuesheng,congeryouliyulianghaoshishengguanxidegoujian。

jianlishishengjianminzhupingdengjiaoliudeqiaoliang。jiaoshichulewanshanzijihezhuanbianguannianzhiwai,haiyouyigezhongyaodefangmianshijianliqishishengjianminzhupingdengjiaoliudeqiaoliang。youyujiaoshizairenshengjingyan、zhishiyueli、chushinenglidengyibandouqiangyuzhongxuesheng,suoyi,jianlishishengjianminzhupingdengjiaoliudeqiaoliangderenwujiuzhuyaoluozailejiaoshishenshang。jiaoshizuohaoleziji,bingduixueshengzhenxinfuchu,danyouyuzhongxueshengdeyueli、jingyan、zhishi、nenglidengyouxian,youshikenengbumingbailaoshideliangkuyongxin,youshikenengyongbuqiadangdefangshilaibiaodazijideneixinsuoxiang,zheishi,jiuxuyaoshishengzhijiandegoutonghejiaoliu,bimianbubiyaodegehehewuhui。tongguojiaoliu,shishengnengxianghulejieduifangduizijijijidekanfacongercujinshuangfangguanxigengjiarongqia,yekeyilejieduifangduizijixiaojidekanfacongerjishidiaojiezijidexingwei,shishishengguanxidedaohaozhuan。buguo,shishengjiandejiaoliubixushiminzhupingdengde,fouze,jiaoliukenenghuichanshengxiangfandexiaoguo。

3.2 学生积极参与是构建良好师生关系的落脚点

zhongxueshengyijingjubeilezuijibendeganshounengli、shifeipanduannenglihewentijiejuenengli,zailianghaoshishengguanxidegoujianzhong,xueshengjijicanyujinlaicaihuizuizhongluodaoshichu。fouze,jiaoshi“yitoure”,xueshengzhidanglengmode“kanke”,shishengguanxidelianghaozhuangtaibuhuichixuxiaquhuozhegenbenwufajianliqilai。xueshengyaolijielaoshi,duilaoshibaochizuijibendexinren,jijicanyudaodaojiaoxuehuodongzhonglai。xueshengbunengyizijidexihaohexinqingsuiyijilaoshi“dingxing”,yaomingquezijidexueximude,nulixuexikexuewenhuazhishishiyigexueshengyingjindezeren。yinweizishenyuanyinzaochengxuexibulixiang、duixuexiwuxingquhuozheganjuexuexifudanzhongdehouguo,bunengsuiyifaxie、zhuanyidaolaoshishenshang。youwentiyingyulaoshijijigoutong,yixunqiushidangdelijiehuobangzhu。tongshi,xueshengyingzijueyuanliyousunshishengguanxidebuliangyingxiang,baokuoduidaibierendehuayuhexingwei、duidaizijijiechudaodeshehuixianxiangyingjubeizuiqimadeshifeipanbienengli。

3.3     社会积极支持是构建良好师生关系的动力

jiazhangyingdanglijiejiaoshi,jiaoshiyeshifanren,tamenyouqingxu,xuyaojingshendongli,youzijidejiatingheshenghuo,bukeduitamentichuguogaode、guofende、chaochutaiduojiaoshibenzhigongzuodeyaoqiu。biru,bizhezuoweizhongxuejiaoshi,gongzuozaijiaoyujiaoxuedediyixian,jiujiedaoguohaojilidianhua,jiazhangshuohaizizaijiachifanshizhichiroubuchicai,yaoqiulaoshibatahaizidezheizhonghuaixiguanjiuzhengguolai。zuoweizhongxuesheng,erqielaoshigenbenmeijihuiyuhaiziyiqijiucan,zheizhongshiqinglaoshizhinengshichuyuduixueshengdeguanxincongcemianjianjiejiaoyu,erbuyinggaichengdanquanbuzerenhequanbugongzuo。jiazhangyingdangduilaoshibaochizuijibendexinrenhezunzhong。xianshishehuizhong,shaoshujiazhangbuyinggaiyouyuzijidesixiangyishiwentiduijiaoshicunyoupianjian,buyinggaiduijiaoshizheigezhiyecunzaitaiduogoubing,gengbuyinggaibazheizhongpianjianhegoubingtixianzairichangyuyanbiaodahuozhexingweizhong,yanzhongyingxiangxueshengduilaoshidetaidu。tongshi,jiazhangbukeduiyuzijidehaiziguoyuyanke,buyingbahaizidexuexichengjikandetaizhong,yaonenglijiehaizizaixuexizhongdekunnan,bunengyiweiyaoqiujiaoshiduixueshengdeyangeguanlihegaobiaozhunyaoqiu,shixueshengcuoyiweilaoshiyujiazhanghehuolai“zhengzhi”ziji,congerduichengrendeguanjiaochanshengdichuqingxu。jiazhangruonengjijilijie、zhichijiaoshihexuesheng,zheijiangchengweilianghaoshishengguanxiderunhuajihezhuli。

xuexiaoyinggaijijijianshehexiedexiaoyuanfenweiherenxinghuadejiaoyuhuanjing。xuexiaoduijiaoshihexueshengdepingjiabunengjinxianyufanzhongdexuexirenwudewanchengqingkuanghexuexichengji,xuexiaokeyiduokaizhanyouyishishengshenxinjiankangdekewaihuodong,dajianshishengqingganjiaoliupingtai,chuangzaoshishengxinlinggoutongdejihui,weijiaoshihexueshengjinkenengduoditigongkaizhanjiaoyugexinghuahuodongdetiaojian。

shehuiyinggaishidangjianqingfujiajishishengdeyali。jiaoyuzhuguanbumenfujiajishishengdejiaoxuerenwubuyitaizhongtainan,fouze,jiaoshitailei,xueshengtaifan,shuangfangchengshoudeyalidoufeichangda,ruci,jiaoshirongyichanshengxueshengnanjiao、xueshengrongyichanshengjiaoshitaiyandecuojue,erqie,zhongyazhixiarongyichanshengbuliangqingxu,congerfaxiedaozhoubianyuzijibushuyutongleiderenqunjishishengshuangfangbicideduifangshenshang。shehuiyingdangxingcheng“zunshizhongjiao”denonghoufenwei,rangxueshengjuedejieshouxuexiaojiaoyushiguangrongde、zihaode、biyaode,rangjiaoshizheigezhiyedezhongyaoxingnengcongzhengzhidiwei、jingjidiweizhongtixianchulai,rangchongmanrongyugan、zihaogan、xingfugandelianggequntihexiedixiangchuzaiyiqi,yukuaidijinxingrenleizhishiwenhuadechuancheng。

【参考文献】:

[1](苏)B.A.苏霍姆林斯基,蔡汀译.怎样培养真正的人[M].教育科学出版社.

[2]魏书生.班主任工作漫谈[M]。漓江出版社,2001.4.

[3]温文娟.中学和谐师生关系的构建研究[D].陕西师范大学.2012.

[4]黄容.简论中学阶段和谐师生关系的构建[J].重庆电子工程职业学院学报.2009.18(3):125~128.

[5]吴巧红.浅析怎样建立良好的师生关系[J].新课程学习(基础教育).201004.

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