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    黄庭:中学和谐师生关系构建研究综述
    添加日期:2018年11月13日  部门科室:教科处  作者:dyzjkc  来源:本站原创  点击次数:34972

    中学和谐师生关系构建研究综述

    【摘要】中学和谐的师生关系能够促进教学工作的开展,使教学效果达到事半功倍的效果,但近年来的中学师生关系不容乐观,因此,构建中学和谐师生关系的研究是十分必要的。本文尝试综述关于如何构建中学和谐师生关系已有的研究成果,通过分析比较,发现研究如何构建中学和谐师生关系存在的问题和不足之处,努力找到解决问题的出发点。

    【关键词】 关系;师生关系;中学和谐师生关系;主体

    1       引言

    hexiedeshishengguanxishishehuihexieguanxizhongzhongyaodezuchengbufen,erqie,hexiedeshishengguanxizaijiaoxueguochengzhongqizhezhongyaodezuoyong。danjinnianlaidewangluo、baozhi、dianshidengmeitibaodaochudezhuduoxiaoyuanbaoli、tifa、shishidengshijianjirenmenqiaoxianglejingzhong:shishengguanxidehexiezhuangtaiburongleguan。beijingsizhongxiaozhangliuzhangmingzaozaijinianqianshenzhitanyan:“jintiandeshishengguanxikongpashizhongguolishishangzuijinzhangde、zuibuzhengchangde,shenzhikeyishuoshizuieliedeyigeshiqi。”bizhegongzuozaizhongxuejieduandejiaoyugongzuodiyixian,wulunshichuyushijigongzuodexuyao,haishichuyuxuexidexuyao,yihuoshichuyuxuexiao、shehuidexuyao,guanyuruhegoujianhexieshishengguanxizheigewentishiwobixuxuexi、sikao、yanjiudewenti,woxiangyaogenjuzijideshijiqingkuangfenxiyanjiuruhegoujianhexiedeshishengguanxi。benwenzaichanmingxiangguangainiandejichuzhishang,duixianyoudeyanjiuzhuangtaijinxinggaikuo、zongjiehefenxi,jinliangnengcongyiyanjiuchudechengguolizhaodaoyixiebeirenmenhulvedanqueqizhezhongyaozuoyongdeqitazhuti,bingcongzheixiexiangguanzhutidejiaoduchangshitichujiejuewentidebanfa。

    2  和谐师生关系的概念界定及意义

    hexieshizhizaishitaifazhanzhongdeyizhongxiangduijunheng、tongyi、xiediaodezhuangtai。shirangyushiqingfazhanxiangguandegegezhutizhijiandeguanxichuyurongqia、xiediao、wugenbenlihaichongtudezhuangtai。hexieguanxifanyingdaozhongxuejieduandeshishengguanxizhonglai,shouxianyao“he”,jihemu、heping,ruguoshuangfangzhijianyouyifangshoudaoleshentishanghexinlingshangdeshanghai,junshimeiyoudadao“he”dezhuangtai,hexiedeshishengguanxiyejiubufucunzai。yinci,hexiedeshishengguanxikeyibiaoshuwei:jiaoshiyuxueshengzhijiannenggouzuodaoburangrenheyifangshoudaoshentishanghexinlishangdeshanghai,shuangfangbaochiyizhongrongqiaxiangchu、rengepingdeng、minzhuduihua、xianghuzunzhong、xianghuxinrendezhuangtai。

    jiaoshihexueshengdexinzhongyouzugoudepingdenggan、anquangan、zunyanganheduiduifangdexinren、zunzhong,jiunenganxindicongshijiaoyuhexuexi,bingnengshizijizhengzaicongshidegongzuodadaoshibangongbeidexiaoguo。hexiedeshishengguanxinengshijiaoshishouxueshengzunjing、xinlaibingqiexihuan,zheiduijiaoshishiyizhonggulihebiance。jiaoshiweileweihuhebaochizheizhongdiwei,duijiaoxuegengjiarenzhenfuze,duixueshenggengjiaguanxinheaihu,gengzhuyijiaoxuefangfadexuanze。hexiedeshishengguanxishixueshengbajiaoshikanzuozuixinlaiheyangmuderen,biaoxianzaiketangshangshixihuanlaoshishangke,gengdongdezunzhonglaoshi,gengdongdeaixilaoshidelaodong,shangkezhuanxintingjiang。

    3  和谐师生关系构建研究现状

    我以“中学和谐师生关系”为检索的主题和范围,从网络、杂志、报纸等不同渠道浏览了40余篇,下载、收集了20余篇,研读了10草莓视频免费观看全部多篇有关如何构建中学和谐师生关系的文章。概括起来,主要分为以下几类。

    diyilei,goujianhexieshishengguanxiderenwuquanbuluozailejiaoshishenshang。ru,huangrongrenwei,goujianhexieshishengguanxidetujingzaiyujiaoshiyaojingenshidaibufa,zhengzuoxuexixingjiaoshi,jijitishengzijidezonghesuzhi。zhuzhongxiuyang,jianxingnuoyan,zuoxueshengxihuandelaoshi;juyoulianghaodexinggetezheng,jianchizhenlideyouxiupinzhi,zuoxueshengjingzhongdelaoshi。tahairenweijiaoshiyaozhuanbianshishengguannian,zhunquedingweishishengjiaose,shuli“yixueshengweiben”desixiang。zunzhongxuesheng,lijiexuesheng,zuoxueshengdezhixinpengyou;zhuanbianguannian,qinjinxuesheng,goujianhexiedeshishengguanxi;faxianxueshengdeshanguangdian,jifaxueshengdejijixing。wuqiaohongdengshuo,jiaoshiyaojianlipingdeng、minzhudeshishengguanxi;yaolijie、kuanrong、gulixuesheng;yaozuzhiyixieyouyiyidehuodong;yaoyangeyaoqiu,yanzhongyoudu。

    第二类,构建和谐师生关系的任务落在了教师身上,但也涉及到了另一个主体,那就是学生。李娟等说道,师爱是学生普遍的一种积极的心理需要 ,也是构建新型师生关系的前提和关键。师生双方的“爱”是构建和谐师生关系的保证。这个观点比第一类要全面一些,因为他们认为“爱”的互相的,双方的“爱”才是构建和谐师生关系的保证。

    disanlei,goujianhexieshishengguanxiderenwuzhuyaozaijiaoshi,yetidaoleqitazhuti。biru,duxiaomeijiucongcongshishengjianshulihexiederenzhi、peiyanghexiedeqinggan、rentonghexiedeliyihechuangshehexiedehuanjingsigexinweidulaichanshuruhegoujianhexieshishengguanxi。zheilimianshejidaodezhutibujinshijiaoshihexuesheng,haiyouxuexiao。wendaoyouxianhou,shuyeyouzhuangong,buyinianlinghemingqilun,shanxishifandaxuejiaoyushuoshiwenwenjuanzaitadeshuoshibiyelunwenzhongtidaodezhutiyinggaishibijiaowanshandele。tafenbiechanshulecongsangebutongzhutichufayinggairuhezuowei,jiyijiaoshiweizhudaogoujianhexiedeshishengguanxi:jiaqiangjiaoshideminzhuyufazhiyishi,nulitigaojiaoshidesuzhixiuyang;yixueshengdejijicanyucujinhexiedeshishengguanxi:zunzhongjiaoshidelaodong;zengqiangzhudongyishiyutaidu;nulizuodaohuanweisikao;jijixunqiubicijiandegongtongdian;tuokuanyujiaoshidegoutongqudao;yixiaoyuanjianshetuidonggoujianhexiedeshishengguanxi:yingzaohexiejiankangdexiaoyuanhuanjing;jianliwanshanyouxiaodeguanlijizhi;gouzhushishengdehudongjiaoliupingtai。

     

    yishangsanleiguanyugoujianhexieshishengguanxideyanjiumeiyoukaolvdaoshishengguanxiwailaideyingxiangyinsu,zhitingliuzailetoutongyitou,jiaotongyijiaodecengmian,renweibuhexiedeshishengguanxishiyinweijiaoshihuozhexueshengzuodebugouhao,meiyouduiyingxianghexieshishengguanxideyinsuzuogengshencengcidetantao,yinci,zaishejigoujianhexieshishengdezhutishiyebuquanmian。erqie,jinjintingliuzailesixiangyishicengmian,hulvelezhongxuejiaoshihezhongxueshengzuoweiyizhongshehuixingdongwuxuyaofalvfaguilaiguifanxingwei。

    4  和谐师生关系构建研究存在的问题

    hexieshishengguanxizhong,hexieshishuxing,guanxishibenti。ruguozhicunzaiyifang,jiubukenengchengweiguanxi,yinci,guanxiyidingshigenshuangfanghuozheduofangzhutiyouguan,fanyingdaozhongxueshishengguanxizhong,jiushizhongxuejiaoshiyuzhongxueshengdexiangchuwentiheruheduidaiduifangdewenti。huiguidaobenzhi,renruheduidailingyigeren,bushiwanquandiyoulingyigerenjuedingde,haishouzhoubianhenduoqitayinsudeyingxiang。biru,bizhezuoweiyixiangongzuozhe,jiufaxianleyigewenti:meidangmianlinzhoumofangjia、jiejiarifangjia、biyejidengqingsong、yuyuedeshijianduan,xueshengyulaoshizhijiandeguanxigengjiaqinmi。tongshi,bizhehaifaxian,zuoweitongshidejiaoshimen,meidangtamenshenshangfashenglebijiaoxingyundeshishi,tamengengrongyiguanxin、aihu、kuanrongxuesheng。zheijiushishuo,zhongxuejiaoshihezhongxueshengruheduidaiduifang,bushiwanquanqujueyuduifangzenyangduidaiziji,tamendexinqingyegenzijidejingli、zijisuochudefeixuexiaohuanjing、zijisuochengshoudeyaliyouguan,erzheixieyehuiyingxiangtamenruheduidaiduifang。biru,yigezhongxueshengdejiaoshijishizuodaolezijilisuonengjideshiqinglaigoujianhexiedeshishengguanxi,danyouyuzheigexueshengdejingli、xingge、ganshouli、lijieliteshu,yekenengwufadadaoyuqidexiaoguo。jiazhi,zhongxueshengbenshenjiushiyigesixiangrongyibodong、mingan、qingxuhuadequnti,dangtamendeshenxinshoudaoqitafeijiaoshiyinsudeyingxiangshi,yekenengzhuanyidaoyuzhichaoxixiangchudejiaoshishenshang,congeryingxiangshishengguanxi。

    yinci,bizherenwei,goujianzhongxuehexieshishengguanxibujinjinshijiaoshiyifangdezeren,xuesheng、jiating、shehuiyeyinggaijianliqiyigejijidezhichixitong。yinweichukaishishengzheilianggezhuti,qitayinsuyekenengduishishengshenxinzaochengbuliangyingxiang,congerdaozhitamenduidaiduifangdefangshichuxianyichang。youqiyingshijiaoyubeijingxia,xuexiaojingzhengkaoshengxuelv,pingjiajiaoshihemingciwanquanshibipinmingcihefenshu,zhongxuejiaoshihezhongxueshengmianlinzheshengcundejiliejingzheng,haiyouduoshaorenyuanyijingxiaxinlaitanganqing?haiyouyixiedifangdejiaoyulinianyoushipianpo,jiaoyuzhengcebudang,duidaozhongxuejiaoshihezhongxueshengshenshangdekeyefudanguozhong,shishengmenbiewuxuanze,zhinengzunxunyoushenglietaideshehuiguize,zaifanzhongdefudanxiahejiliedejingzhengzhongpinmingzhuazhuzuihouyigendaocaoliaozuoxinlianwei。youqishijiaoshi,chulegongzuofudanzhiwai,ruguozaimianlinjingjiyali,jiushishoudaoshuangzhongshanghai,zuoweishishengguanxizhongzhongyaodezhutizhiyidejiaoshi,shenxindoushoudaogezhongjiaolv、danyoudeshanghai,hexiedeshishengguanxiyejiumengshouleyicengyinying。erzhongyanjiuzheyiweiqiangdiaojiaoshidesixiangyishi,quehulvelesixiangyishiyeyaoyiwuzhizuobaozheng。

    草莓视频免费观看全部 danbizhebingbushiqiangdiaoyiweirangshishengxianglecainenggougoujianhexiedeshishengguanxi,zhongxuejiaoshihezhongxueshengchengdanzhechuanchengrenleiwenhua、jianshemeihaoshehuidezhongren,zhicongsixiangyishicengmianquqiangdiaotamenlvzeshibugoude,haiyingcongfalvfaguicengmianquwanshanfazhijianshe,yiguifantamendexingwei。

    zhongshangsuoshu,goujianhexiedeshishengguanxibunengdandancongjiaoshidesixiangyishizheshou,haiyinggaizaiquanshehuijianliqiyigezhichixitong,bashishengdeyalihefudanjiangdaoyigenenggouwanquanchengshoudechengdu,zaifuyifalvfaguidengfazhijianshe,congfazhiheqinglilianggeweiduqugoujianhexieshishengguanxi。

    【参考文献】

    [1]温文娟中学和谐师生关系的构建研究[D],陕西师范大学,2012.

    [2]鲍聪师生关系研究述评[J],成都教育学院学报,200506期》.

    [3]胡波如何构建新型师生关系[J],教育与职业,200203.

    [4]史睿构建和谐的师生关系[J],产业与科技论坛,201103.

    [5]李利构建和谐师生关系之我见[A],全国教育科研“十五”成果论文集(第一卷)[C],2005.

    [6]李娟以爱构建新型师生关系[J],大连教育学院学报,200304.

    [7]李立凤和谐师生关系的构建[J],科学咨询(教育科研),201109.

    [8]杜晓梅构建和谐师生关系的新维度[J],现代中小学教育,200810.

    [9]吴巧红浅析怎样建立良好的师生关系[J],新课程学习(基础教育),201004.

    [10]黄容简论中学阶段和谐师生关系的构建[J],重庆电子工程职业学院学报,2009,183):125~128.

    [11]陈景春浅谈和谐师生关系的构建[J],南方论刊(班主任工作研究),2013年增刊第1:48~49.

    [12]吴继红和谐师生关系:和谐校园建设之基[J],中国成人教育,200811.

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